Features of Supercomputer's – Hasons

Supercomputers represent the pinnacle of computing power and speed. As their name suggests, supercomputers have processing and memory capabilities that far exceed those of regular desktop computers or even powerful servers. While an average laptop may have a processor speed measured in gigahertz, a supercomputer’s processing speed can be measured in petaflops or even exaflops – that’s quadrillions or quintillions of calculations per second!

In simple terms, supercomputers are specially designed high-performance systems used to solve complex computational problems in science, engineering, business and other fields. Their capabilities allow researchers to model phenomena and run simulations that are impractical or impossible with standard computers.

High Processing Speed
The most defining feature of a supercomputer is its extremely high processing speed and computational power. This is achieved by combining multiple processors and configuring them to work in parallel.

While a typical computer may have 1-8 processors, a supercomputer can have thousands or even tens of thousands of processors linked together. For example, the Summit supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has over 27,000 CPUs and over 10,000 GPUs!

Massive Parallel Processing
Supercomputers rely on parallel processing on a massive scale to achieve their blazing speed. Instead of handling computations serially (one after another), supercomputers can divide problems into smaller parts and process many parts simultaneously.

Multiple processors tackle different parts of a problem concurrently. This massively parallel architecture reduces the overall time required to complete the computation. Specialized software is required to coordinate the parallel processing capabilities of all the CPUs and GPUs. Efficient parallel programming enables supercomputers to maximize their performance on large-scale modeling, simulation and analysis tasks.